Virtual Power Purchase Agreement Template

Virtual Power Purchase Agreement Template: A Comprehensive Guide

Virtual Power Purchase Agreement, commonly known as VPPA, is a contract between a renewable energy project developer and a company to buy a specific amount of energy at a predetermined price. It is a popular way for companies to fulfil their renewable energy goals without physically owning and operating renewable energy projects.

In recent years, VPPAs have gained traction globally, with various companies taking up these agreements. As a result, many templates have popped up on the internet, making it easy for companies to draft a VPPA. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at virtual power purchase agreement templates and the components that make up a comprehensive VPPA.

What is a Virtual Power Purchase Agreement Template?

A virtual power purchase agreement template is a pre-drafted contract that outlines the terms and conditions that a company can adopt to buy energy from a renewable energy project. VPPA templates are designed to help companies navigate the complex world of renewable energy procurement and provide a standardised structure for the agreement.

Components of a Comprehensive VPPA

While VPPA templates vary depending on the jurisdiction, there are essential components that all VPPAs should have. Below are some of the components of a comprehensive VPPA:

1. Energy Quantity: This component outlines the amount of energy that a company intends to purchase from a specific renewable energy project.

2. Term Length: The term length defines the period that the VPPA will be in effect.

3. Price Terms: This outlines the pricing mechanism that will be used for the VPPA. Typically, this component includes the strike price, a fixed price that reflects the cost of producing energy, and the contract for difference, which is the difference between the strike price and the market price.

4. Risk Allocation: This component stipulates the risks associated with the VPPA and who will be responsible for mitigating these risks.

5. Environmental Attributes: This outlines the environmental credentials of the renewable energy project and how they will be allocated to the company.

6. Certifications: VPPAs require specific certifications to ensure that they meet renewable energy standards. This component outlines the certificates that the renewable energy project should possess.

7. Reporting: This component outlines the reporting requirements that the renewable energy project and the company must adhere to, such as the frequency and format of monitoring.


Virtual Power Purchase Agreements are an essential tool for companies that want to meet their renewable energy goals. While VPPAs can be complex, using a VPPA template can make the process easier for companies. When drafting a VPPA, ensure that all the components are included to make the agreement comprehensive. Properly structured VPPAs can be an effective way for companies to reduce their carbon footprint and take part in the energy transition to a sustainable future.